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Abstract

This report describes extension of the ExternE Methodology from power generation to a range of other fuel cycles:

-End use technologies -domestic space heating and demand side options.
-New technologies -integrated gasification combined cycle, fluidised bed combustion, fuel cells for stationary applications and geothermal.
-Cogeneration.
-Transport.
-Options for waste disposal.

Many complex issues arose in the course of this work. For example:
-For cogeneration there is the question of how one should allocate external costs to electrical power and heat generation.
-When considering any option for disposal of waste, external costs need necessarily to be calculated net of the externalities of alternative waste disposal options (e.g. landfill).
-For transport there is the problem of variation in externalities depending on where a vehicle is operating, speed of travel, load, and so on.
As in other reports published under the ExternE Project the emphasis is strongly on calculation of external costs rather than on resolution of specific questions such as what is the least environmentally harmful transport or waste disposal option? The main questions addressed here are whether or not it is possible to calculate externalities of the fuel cycles investigated, what is the likely magnitude of damages resulting from given technologies using defined sources of fuel, and identification of the problems encountered. Application of the results of these studies should take account of uncertainties and other issues raised in the report.

Additional information

Authors: HOLLAND M, AEA Technology, (UK);FORSTER D (EDITORS), AEA Technology, (UK)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR: 18887 (1999), 552pp, Euro: Free of charge
Availability: Available from the European Commission, DG XII Communication Unit, rue de la Loi/Wetstraat 200, B-1049 Bruxelles (BE) Tel: +32-2-2950001 Fax:+32-2-2958220 email: info@dg12.cec.be
ISBN: ISBN: 92-828-7084-7
Record Number: 200012990 / Last updated on: 2000-12-22
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en