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Abstract

Radial variations of the lattice parameter and peak width of two high burn-up UO{2}-fuels (67 and 80 GWd/tM) were measured by a specially developed micro-X-ray diffraction technique, allowing spectra acquisition with 30ým spatial resolution. The results showed a significant but constant peak broadening, and a lattice parameter that increased towards the pellet edge and decreased again within the rim-zone. This lattice contraction coincided with other property changes in the rim region, i.e., porosity increase, hardness decrease and Xe depletion. In terms of local burn-ups, the lattice contraction followed the rate of the matrix Xe depletion measured by EMPA, exceeding greatly the contraction rate due to dissolved fission products. The observed behaviour can be equally explained by a saturation of single interstitials with subsequent recombination with excess vacancies, as by the saturation and enlargement of dislocation loops. The concentration and sizes of defects involved and their possible relation to the rim structure formation are discussed.

Additional information

Authors: SPINO J, European Commission, JRC-Institute for Transuranium Elements, P.O. Box. 2340, D-76125 Karlsruhe (DE);PAPAIOANNOU D, European Commission, JRC-Institute for Transuranium Elements, P.O. Box. 2340, D-76125 Karlsruhe (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Nuclear Materials, 281 (2000), pp. 146-162
Record Number: 200013036 / Last updated on: 2001-01-24
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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