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  • Ion chromatography inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (IC-ICP-MS) and radiometric techniques for the determination of actinides in aqueous leachate solutions from uranium oxide

Abstract

The choice of the analytical method for the determination of actinide isotopes in leachate solutions has to be made considering several parameters: detection limit for each isotope, sample preparation procedure in terms of duration and complexity, counting time and interferences. A leachate solution obtained by keeping a pellet of UO{2} doped with 238Pu in contact with distilled water was investigated for the content of U and Pu isotopes by radiometric methods ((alpha)-, (gamma)-spectrometry and liquid scintillation counting). The results of the radiometric methods were compared with those obtained from the analysis performed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry on-line to a system for chromatographic separation (IC- ICP-MS). The comparison confirmed that IC-ICP-MS is a powerful method for the detection of long-lived radionuclides. The radiometric methods have a detection limit two orders of magnitude lower than IC-ICP-MS in the case of short-lived radioisotopes mostly due to the low background in the detector. On the other hand, the sample preparation and the analysis duration are more time-consuming compared to IC-ICP-MS; moreover, not all isotopes can be determined by using only one radiometric technique.

Additional information

Authors: SOLATIE D ET AL, European Commission, JRC-Institute for Transuranium Elements, P.O. Box. 2340, D-76125 Karlsruhe (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry (2000), 368, pp. 88-94
Record Number: 200013038 / Last updated on: 2001-01-24
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en