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During a test to quantify erosion in the Mediterranean with the aid of numerous modern techniques, a project was started in Italy aimed at assessing the risk of erosion at national level. The final result is a group of maps which may be used to identify regions sensitive to erosion.

The project forms part of the Soil Cartography Project in Italy, a major initiative by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture, the aim of which is to compile a 1:250,000 soil map and associated databases for Italy. This is absolutely necessary to protect the environment and to plan lasting use of the country's soil resources. Recent disasters - landslides and floods - have shown the importance of having detailed information on soil in a modern industrial country like Italy, in order to fight these occurrences. This study only concerns diffused erosion and that in channels. Other forms of erosion are also important in Italy; for example, the formation of gullies (deep erosion) and landslides and, to a lesser degree, wind erosion. These types of erosion will not, however, be studied here, but should be dealt with in a later study.

This report gives a technical and detailed description of the erosion and forms part of the Italian project . An overview of the different methods used to assess erosion risks on a regional, even wider, scale, is given in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 gives a general description of the methods used in this study. A more precise description may be found in Chapters 4 to 7, with an explanation of the data sources and treatment. A discussion of the results appears in Chapter 8.

Additional information

Authors: VAN DER KNIJFF J, JRC-Space Applications Institute, European Soil Bureau, Ispra, Varese (IT);JONES R, JRC-Space Applications Institute, European Soil Bureau, Ispra, Varese (IT);MONTANARELLA L, JRC-Space Applications Institute, European Soil Bureau, Ispra, Varese (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 19022 FR (2000) 45pp, Euro:FREE of charge
Availability: Available from the Documentation service JRC Ispra Fax:+39-0332-785818
ISBN: ISBN N/A Ref: EUR 19022
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