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Abstract

The 1999 annual report of the Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU) of the JRC describes progress made during the first year of the 5th Framework Programme.

In the first part of the report, an overview of the organisational structure together with staff and budget resources is given together with publications and patents for the reporting period. A brief description of the institutional and competitive activities is given. In addition to a review article on Partitioning and Transmutation studies at ITU, a series of highlight articles on important progress made during 1999 are presented on:

-Growth of single crystals of mixed actinide dioxides.
-New crystal phase of americium metal.
-"Switching" on nuclear reactions: laser induced fission of uranium.
-Volatile molecule of PUO(3) observed by sublimating plutonium dioxide.
-Application of the micro-X-ray diffraction technique to the rim zone in high burn-up fuels.
-Separation of minor actinides from lathanides.
-(Alpha)-decay damage in UO(2): Long term storage behaviour in spent fuel.
-Inauguration of the "On-Site" laboratory in Sellafield; Plutonium round-robin test.

Together with a review article on Partitioning and Transmutation studies at ITU is presented.

In the second part of the report, a more in-depth technical description of progress made in the last year is given. Topics covered focus on: Alpha-lmmunotherapy Studies, Basic Actinide Research, Safety of the Nuclear Fuel, Partitioning and Trans- mutation, Measurement of Radioactivity in the Environment, Spent Fuel Characterisation in view of Long- Term Storage, and Safeguards Research and Development work.

A detailed list of publications and collaborations is given in the annex.This report can be accessed online at: http://itu.jrc.cec.eu.int/Annual_Reports/Annual_Report_1999/INDEX.PDF

Additional information

Authors: PELL D (EDITORS), JRC-Institute of Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe (DE);MAGILL J, JRC-Institute of Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe (DE);RICHTER J, JRC-Institute of Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe (DE);SCHENKEL R, JRC-Institute of Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR: 19054 EN (2000), 164pp, Euro: Free of charge.
Availability: Available from Office of Official Publications for European Communities: 2 rue Mercier, L-2985 Luxembourg. tel:+352-29-29-42455 fax: +325-29-29-42758 email: info.info@ec.europa.eu URL: http://eur-op.eu/
ISBN: ISBN 92-828-8985-8
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