Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Experiments on electron heat transport were performed in the tokamak ASDEX Upgrade, mainly in Ohmically heated plasmas, applying either edge cooling with laser blow-off impurity injection or edge heat pulses with ECRH. Repetitive pulses within one plasma discharge were made allowing Fourier transformation of the temperature perturbation, yielding a good signal to noise ratio up to high harmonics and a detailed investigation of the pulse propagation.

For densities lower than 1.8E19 m{-3}, an increase of central electron temperature was found as the response to edge cooling via impurity injection similar to observations made in the TEXT, TFTR, RTP and Tore Supra tokamaks. The inversion does not appear instantaneously, but with a time delay roughly compatible with diffusion.

Modelling of the propagation of the cold pulses in the framework of the IFS-PPPL model yields qualitative agreement. However, the predicted increase of ion temperature is not observed experimentally on a fast timescale. The response to ECRH heat pulses is not perfectly symmetrical to cold pulse experiments, but the similarities suggest a common underlying physical mechanism. No inversion of the heat pulse is found; instead the initial pulse from the edge is associated with a second, much slower, heat pulse in the centre. This central reaction is in fact quite similar (and not symmetrical) to that of the cold pulses. By varying the position of the ECRH deposition it could be shown that the central increase is related to the arrival of the pulse close to the inversion radius and not to the initial pulse. Modelling was performed to investigate the possible physics mechanisms and for comparison with the cold pulses.

Additional information

Authors: RYTER F ET AL, Max-Plank-Institut fur Plasmaphysik,EURATOM-Association, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching (DE);DE LUCA F, INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milan (IT);JACCHIA A, Instituto di Fisika del Plasma, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA-CNR, Milan (IT);KINSEY J, General Atomics, San Diego CA (USA)
Bibliographic Reference: Article:Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 40 (2000), No. 11, pp. 1917-1932
Follow us on: RSS Facebook Twitter YouTube Managed by the EU Publications Office Top