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The anomalous properties of the Pu monochalcogenides are investigated on the basis of electronic structure calculations. The Pu monochalcogenides are calculated to be semimetallic because, first the large spin-orbit interaction of the Pu 5f states splits the 5f(5/2) and 5 f(7/2) sub-bands away from the Fermi energy, and second the hybridization between Pu 6d and chalcogenide p and 5f bands leads to a hybridization gap. The anomalous lattice constants, which correspond neither to PU(2+) nor to Pu(3+) are consistent with the energy band approach, as is the lattice constant where the transition to PU(2+) is expected. Our calculations suggest that Pu has a 5f(6-x) 6d(X) configuration, where x depends on the lattice parameter, but the sum of 5f and 6d occupancy is constant. Calculations of the optical conductivity spectra show that there are two optical pseudogaps, one of about 20 meV and one of 0.2 eV. A magnetic phase transition is predicted to occur in the NaCI structure under pressure. When this phase transition is enforced in a magnetic field and takes place before the martensitic transition to the CsCI structure occurs, it is predicted to lead to a giant magnetoresistance of about -85%.

Additional information

Authors: OPPENEER P.M, Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Technology, Dresden, (DE);KRAFT T, Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Technology, Dresden, (DE);BROOKS M.S.S, JRC- Institute for Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: ART: 90429. Physical review B, Vol 61, No 19, 15 May, (2000)
Record Number: 200013193 / Last updated on: 2001-03-23
Original language: en
Available languages: en