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In recent years, the concept of 'biodiversity' has achieved almost cult status. With the signing in 1992 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (UNEP 1992), the term gained international political recognition. Biodiversity is a 'global' concept that encompasses both biological diversity and landscape diversity. Biological diversity refers to the diversity of living organisms, the complex ecological habitats of which they are part (diversity between species and associated ecosystems), and to the diversity within species (genetic diversity). Landscape diversity takes account of the relationships within and between landscapes, their territorial organisation, dynamics and interrelationships as seen by individuals and societies through different local, regional and national cultures (Centre Naturopa 1998).

Additional information

Authors: FOLVING S, DG-JRC-Space Applications Institute, Ispra (IT);KENNEDY P.J, DG-JRC-Space Applications Institute, Ispra (IT);ESTREGUIL C, DG-JRC-Space Applications Institute, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Strategic Landscape Monitoring in the Nordic Countries. A Monograph published by: TemaNord, Nordic Council of Ministers Publishing Department, Copenhagen.
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