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Case 2 ocean-colour algorithms are primarily (though not solely) designed for use in the coastal zone. Human populations and activities concentrated near coasts (Table 5.1 ). Over 60% of the human populations live in the coastal zone defined as the region from 200 m above and 200 below mean sea level by Pernetta and Millimam (1995). Patterns of runoff and the delivery of nutrients and sediments to the coastal waters are modified through human activities in catchments (e.g. land clearing, agriculture, mining, urban and industrial development). Coastal development leads to modifications of foreshores, loss of key habitats such as mangroves and seagrasses, change to flushing rates, re-suspension of sediments, and direct inputs of nutrients and toxicants through outfalls.

Additional information

Authors: SATHYENDRANATH S, Bedford Oceanographics Institute (CA);CAMPBELL J.W, New Hampshire University, Durham (US);DOERFFNER R, Institute of Hydrophysics, Geestacht (DE);SCHLITTENHARDT P, JRC-Space Applications Institute, Ispra (IT);HOEPFFNER N, JRC-Space Applications Institute, Ispra (IT);PARSLOW J.S, CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Hobart (AU)
Bibliographic Reference: A monograph published in: Remote Sensing of Ocean Color in Coastal and Other Optically-complex Waters N.3 (2000) pp.93-114 Published by: The International Ocean Color Coordinating Group IOCCG
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