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Eco-audits are evaluations where the set of Instruments used to protect the environment and business activities relevant to the environment can be checked, appraised and developed further at regular intervals. Eco-audits usually result in improved overall environmental management, particularly through the involvement of many parts of the company' s business, such as R&D, procurement, production, distribution and waste management. This widespread involvement improves the transparency of company activities, highlighting areas where environmental and economic efficiencies may be realised.

Due to these advantages, and to the positive experiences many European companies have had in using eco-audits, the Council of the EU adopted an eco-audit regulation, the Eco- Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) in 1993, which has been in force since Apri1 1995. A revised version of the EMAS regulation is expected to enter into force before the end of 2000.

Additional information

Authors: MARSANICH A, Findazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Milan, (IT);KOTTMANN H, Instituts fur okologische Wirtschaftsforschung, Berlin, (DE);HEMMELSKAMP J, IPTS, Seville, (ES);GOULDSON A, The London Scool of Economics and Political Science, London, (UK);BRADFORD D, The Centre for Exploitation of Science and Technology, London, (UK)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 19722 EN (2000). Euro: Free of charge
Availability: Available from Documentation Service JRC Ispra (IT) FAX:+39-0332-785818
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