Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The most common bio-indicators used for the evaluation of various contaminants, are review. The aim as been to make clearly understood the difference between visual analysis (bio-indication) and bio-accumulation, by focalising on practical aspects, the advantages and disadvantages in the use of bio-indicators.

Some examples included in the review are the use of tobacco leaves for the evaluation of the presence of ozone, of lichens for the presence of S0(2), and of mosses for the determination of heavy metal concentration.

Additional information

Authors: CENCI R.M, Centro Comune di Ricerca di Ispra (IT);DAPIAGGI M, Centro Comune di Ricerca di Ispra (IT);LEVA F, Centro Comune di Ricerca di Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 19769 IT (2001). Euro: Free of charge
Availability: Available from Documentation Service JRC Ispra (IT) FAX:+39-0332-785818
Follow us on: RSS Facebook Twitter YouTube Managed by the EU Publications Office Top