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Abstract

As a first wall material in nuclear fusion devices, tungsten will interact with carbon and oxygen from the plasma. In this study, we report on the process of thermally induced carbide formation of thin carbon films on polycrystalline tungsten and the influence of oxygen on this process. All investigations are performed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Carbon films are supplied through electron beam evaporation of graphite. The carbonisation process, monitored during increased substrate temperature, can be divided into four phases. In phase I disordered carbon converts into graphite-like carbon. In phase II significant diffusion and the reaction to W(2)C is observed, followed by phase III which is dominated by the presence of W(2)C and the beginning reaction to WC. Finally in phase IV only WC is present, but the total carbon amount has strongly decreased. Different mechanisms of oxygen influence on the carbide formation are proposed and measurements of the reaction of carbon on tungsten with intermediate oxide layers are presented in detail. A WO(2+x) intermediate layer completely inhibits the carbide formation, while a WO(2) layer leads to WC formation at temperatures above 1270 K.

Additional information

Authors: LUTHIN J, Max-Planck-Institut f³r Plasmaphysik, IPP-EURATOM Association, Garching (DE);LINSMEIER C, Max-Planck-Institut f³r Plasmaphysik, IPP-EURATOM Association, Garching (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Elsevier; Journal of Nuclear Materials. 290-293 (2001) pp.121-125
Availability: An article published in: Elsevier; Journal of Nuclear Materials. 290-293 (2001) pp.121-125
Record Number: 200013434 / Last updated on: 2001-06-27
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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