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The mass-separator Lohengrin was used to measure the yields of the light fission products with A = 74-85 and their nuclear charge and kinetic energy distributions from the odd-Z compound nucleus (239)Np* formed by double capture of thermal neutrons. The mass yield distribution reveals an influence of the fragment shell with N = 50 affecting also the nuclear charge and kinetic energy distributions. An odd-even effect for protons is found in the very asymmetric mass division, increasing from 4% to 35% with increasing fission asymmetry. This is in contrast to findings in normal asymmetric fission (region of high fission yields) where no odd-even effect for protons was observed. An odd-even effect for neutrons is also found comparable in size with that for protons. The latter effect exists also in normal asymmetric fission and is at least partly attributed to prompt neutron emission from the fragments. Some information on the number of prompt neutrons emitted is also obtained. From this information and from the energy dependence of the odd-even effect for protons it is concluded that the very light fragments originate from a cold and nearly undeformed light sphere of a dumbbell scission configuration characterised by a double shell closure with 28 protons and about 50 neutrons. In contrast to the double shell closure at mass 132 (Z = 50, N ~ 82) the two shell closures in the light sphere do not coincide at one mass but are realised at A = 70 and 80, respectively. This leads to a layered structure of the light sphere of the dumbbell scission configuration.

Additional information

Authors: TSEKHANOVICH I, Radiation Physics and Chemistry Problems Institute, Minsk (BY);DENSCHLAG H.O, Institute of Nuclear Chemistry, University of Mainz (DE);DAVI M, Institute of Nuclear Chemistry, University of Mainz (DE);BUYUKMUMCU Z, Middle East Technical University, Ankara (TR);GONNENWEIN F, Physical Institute, University of T³bingen (DE);FAUST H.R, Institute Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (FR);OBERSTEDT S, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Geel (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Elsevier, Nuclear Physics A, 628 (2001), pp.633-658
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