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The contents of this paper have been initiated by two main factors. The first is the need to transform traditional forestry planning into a holistic forest ecosystem planning and forest ecosystem management (GADOW and PUUMALAINEN 1998), and the second, my current work within an environment of mostly geographers and landscape planners, and their perspective over landscape. Especially landscape ecological approaches could provide valuable inputs for modern forest ecosystem planning. Landscape ecology deals with the structures, functions and processes in heterogeneous land areas, with the connections and interactions between forests across the landscape, and with the effects of both natural and human disturbances on the landscape (FORMAN and GODRON 1986). If a third dimension or initiator of the paper should be selected, it would probably be the European dimension and the variability of the landscapes and forests in Europe.

Additional information

Authors: PUUMALAINEN J, JRC-Space Applications Institute, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Inventur, Planung und Waldwachstum. published by: Zohab Verlag Gottingen. Pp.153-168
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