Refuelling performance improvement by high speed pellet lauch from the magnetic high field side
Limited available pellet velocities have so far restricted the refuelling performance of efficient launch schemes from the tokamak magnetic high field side (HFS). Although pellet injection during H mode has resulted in more peaked density profiles and enhanced performance with respect to gas puff refuelling, prompt particle and energy losses caused by pellet induced ELM bursts have still limited the extension of the operational area. Now, the preliminary version of a new optimised pellet injection set-up at ASDEX Upgrade allows for significantly higher injection speeds when launching pellets from the magnetic HFS. Intact pellets with velocities up to Vp = 560 m/s were successfully injected instead of the Vp = 240 m/s available with the previous set-up. The velocity increase results in a deeper pellet penetration and seems to follow the v(1/3) scaling derived from a multi-machine study using conventional pellet launch from the torus outside. The inward shift of the pellet particle deposition profile with respect to the penetration depths turned out to be approximately the same for both launch velocities. The respectively achieved deeper particle deposition inside the plasma column reduced the particle and energy loss rates during the immediate post-pellet phase. Thus, further enhancement of tokamak operation in the high density regime seems feasible by means of high speed pellets launched from the torus inner side.
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion, Vol.41. No. 8 (2001) pp.1107-1111
Record Number: 200013787 / Last updated on: 2001-09-19
Original language: en
Available languages: en