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On the one hand, MHD instabilities in advanced tokamak scenarios are favourable as they can contribute to the inactivity of the current profiles and act as a trigger for the formation of internal transport barriers (ITBs). In particular, fishbone oscillations driven by fast particles arising from NBI are shown to trigger ITBs in low and reversed magnetic shear discharges. During the whistling down period of the fishbone oscillation the transport is reduced around the corresponding rational surface, leading to an increased pressure gradient. This behaviour could be explained by the redistribution of the resonant fast particles resulting in a sheared plasma rotation due to the return current in the bulk plasma, which is equivalent to a radial electric field. On the other hand, MHD instabilities limit the accessible operating regime. Ideal and resistive MHD modes such as double tearing modes, infernal modes and external kinks degrade the confinement or even lead to disruptions in ASDEX Upgrade reversed shear discharges. Localized electron cyclotron heating and current drive are shown to significantly affect the MHD stability of this type of discharge.

Additional information

Authors: GUNTER S ET AL, Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Garching bei Munchen (DE);ASDEX UPGRADE TEAM, Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Garching bei Munchen (DE);SAARELMA S, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo (FI)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion, Vol.41, No.9 (2001), pp.1283-1290
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