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This paper outlines the current status of EO in relation to existing fire monitoring systems and networks. Five fire monitoring initiatives based on the AVHRR, ATSR and VEGETATION sensors are presented and discussed, in terms of drawbacks and advantages for GOFC program. They are: IGBP-DIS Global Fire Product, CCRS FIRE M3, NOAA-NESDIS fire monitoring system, ESA-ESRIN ATSR world fire Atlas project, and Joint Research Centre World-Fire-Web network. A multi-systems approach, to fire monitoring for GOFC, is proposed. From this brief review of what is feasible and of what are the limitations of the NOAA-AVHRR, ERS-ATSR and SPOT-VEGETATION systems for fire monitoring and mapping, six main conclusions are drawn. For the detection of active fires, the priority action should be a systematic validation of the existing global products. This is particularity true for the forest ecosystems, as most of the existing validation activities were done in the savannah domain. Detection and mapping of burned areas are significantly less advanced than the detection of fire events. Very few initiatives have been taken in this field, at global or even continental level. The only maps of burned areas at such scales have been derived at very coarse spatial resolution (5 and 8 km), providing unique information on modelling of emissions form vegetation fires but of a more limited value for forest cover change issues.

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Authors: GREGOIRE J-M ET AL, JRC, SAI, Ispra (IT);CAHOON D R, NASA Langley Research Center, Atmospheric Sciences Division, Hampton, VA (US);LI Z, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Environmental Monitoring Section, Ottawa, Ontario (CA);ARINO O, ESA-ERIN, Frascati (IT);ROZAS J-M, ESA-ERIN, Frascati (IT);CSISZAR I, Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Office of Research and Applications, NOAA/NESDIS, Camp Springs, MD (US)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Global and Regional Vegetation Monitoring from Space (2001), pp.105-124
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