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Various approaches to high performance and steady state operation are presented. Strong neutral beam heating in the current ramp leads to internal transport barriers (ITBs) in conjunction with negative central magnetic shear. To avoid the destabilization of external kink modes this regime is limited to L mode edge operation with Beta-(N) less than 1.7. In high poloidal B, B(p) discharges, full non-inductive current drive has been achieved transiently. At Greenwald density, values of Beta-(p) = 3.1, Beta-(N) = 2.8 and H(ITER89-P) = 1.8 have been reached simultaneously. In plasmas with ITBs and L mode edge, additional ECRH and ECCD facilitates high core confinement with T(e) = T(i). Central ECCD has been applied in low-density low current discharges. For ECCD in the co-current direction a current drive fraction of 82% is calculated. In the case of counter-ECCD, negative central shear with q{min} bigger than 1 leads to the formation of an electron ITB.

Additional information

Authors: WOLF R C ET AL, Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Garching bei Munchen (DE);ASDEX UPGRADE TEAM, Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Garching bei Munchen (DE);MCCARTHY P J, University College Cork, Department of Physics, Cork (IE)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion, Vol.41, No.9 (2001), pp.1259-1271
Record Number: 200113959 / Last updated on: 2001-10-23
Original language: en
Available languages: en