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The new Water Framework Directive (WFD) is the major piece of EU legislation with environment at its core; it will guide the efforts for attaining a sustainable aquatic environment in the years to come. The WFD is based on a framework philosophy in line with the principle of the subsidiary. It comes to set only the objectives to be fulfilled by Member States (i.e. good quality of all waters), defining the organizational structure (river basin authorities) and mechanisms (existing legislation and further measures) to achieve them. As such the WFD best exemplifies the new approach in the EU environmental policy, where environmental protection is married with subsidiary through the division of objectives at a European level and standards/measurements at a national level.

This paper is a first consideration of the implications in lake management in Italy arising from the requirements of the WFD, in comparison to the provisions of existing national legislation. .

Additional information

Authors: PREMAZZI G, JRC, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);CARDOSO A C, JRC, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);DALMIGLIO A, ARPA, Lombardia (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: An oral report given at: The Classification of Ecological Status of Lakes and Rivers. Held in: Helsinki (FI), 8-11 November 2001
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