Measurement of spurious impurity concentrations in ASDEX Upgrade by x-ray spectroscopy
A two channel multi-crystal spectrometer of Bragg geometry was constructed for measurements of absolute photon fluxes of ASDEX Upgrade plasmas in the wavelength range from 0.5 up to 26 Å. The calibration of the spectrometer was done by an ab initio calculation using the absolute reflection data from literature of four crystals. The calibration was validated by the direct comparison with other absolute calibrated diagnostics at the ASDEX Upgrade as well as by using the impurity transport code STRAHL. The absolute impurity concentrations of elements from N up to Cu have been extracted. O and F appear to be main impurity components after C, which is routinely measured by an independent diagnostic. Despite the significantly lower concentration of Ar, it contributes measurably to Z(eff) and can account for main plasma impurities as well. Other impurities either have never been seen or appear only sporadically (like Fe and Cu) and normally do not contribute significantly to the plasma radiation in the soft x-ray range.
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol.72, No.11 (2001), pp.4115-4124
Record Number: 200214214 / Last updated on: 2002-01-08
Original language: en
Available languages: en