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This report offers a conceptual framework and empirical guidelines for understanding the relationship between environmental regulation and innovation. The basic aim is to widen the concepts of innovation, which are used in environment-oriented studies, while at the same time challenging the idea that regulation is either a straightforward promoter or inhibitor of innovation. A systems approach is proposed. This emphasizes the collective and interactive character of innovation, as an appropriate entry point for analysing the complex institutional, social and networking aspects of the sources and impacts of regulation. At the same time, regulation is seen as a complex process, and the importance of regulatory rules as well as of the policy styles is emphasized. Taken together, these points challenge what is here called the stimulus-response model of the impacts of regulation on innovation. The report contests the view that regulation either stops or starts innovation in any simple way. Rather, the view is presented that regulation shapes or modulates innovation across networks of firms, and across groups of related industries.

The report was commissioned by the JRC Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Seville (ES) )

Additional information

Authors: KEMP R, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) (NL);SMITH K, Norwegian University of Science and Technology and STEP Group, Oslo (NO);BECHER G, PROGNOS, Basle (CH)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 19827 EN (2001), pp. 78. Euro: Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9843 or +39 033278 9864 Fax: +39 033278 9623 E-mail:
Record Number: 200214240 / Last updated on: 2002-01-15
Original language: en
Available languages: en