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Abstract

Since the launch of the programmes PACE (1989) and SAVE (1982), there have been many European Community efforts aimed at increasing the energy efficiency of electrical appliances in the domestic sector. Since the adoption in 1992 of a framework directive on the labelling of domestic appliances, the majority of these products have been labelled. Furthermore, in 1996 the first regulatory threshold was adopted for refrigerators (in force from 1999). Starting in 1996, voluntary agreements were reached with manufacturers of televisions and video recorders, washing machines, dishwashers, electric water heaters and audio equipment. Drawing on European sales figures, the European Commission presents the impact of these Community policies.

Additional information

Authors: BERTOLDI P, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);BERRUTO V, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: An oral report given at: Controlling Electricity Demand seminar. Organised by: ADEME Held at: Sophia Antipolis (FR), 17-18 December 2001
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