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A difficulty in defining the scope of high tech cyber crime activity is a major problem in establishing business and consumer confidence in the security of e-business in Europe. This research study aims to resolve some of the uncertainty with definitions, taxonomies and high-level counter measure models. Cyber crime is technology driven, and counter measures need to match this trend with a strong technology component. The study looks at the current situation and concludes that there are significant threats and risks. It offers taxonomy of cyber crime and a characterisation of threats and vulnerabilities. The study also looks in some detail at the counter measures available. The study then presents a series of recommendations, covering three main areas:

- Reporting of incidents of cyber crime within a secure and anonymous system.
- Development of operational security and analysis standards.
- Raising awareness and actively involving industry and users in combating cyber

Additional information

Authors: URRY R (EDITOR), European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 20127 EN (2001), pp.69. Euro: Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9843 or +39 033278 9864 Fax: +39 033278 9623 E-mail:
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