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The objectives of the Technology, Knowledge and Learning Panel Report are to focus on the development of the science and technology (S&T) base in pre-accession countries (PACs) and the challenges to innovation and education on the way towards a knowledge-based society. Considering the implications of the transitional period in candidate countries on the development of science, technology and education, the Panel report provides in three chapters the key challenges and uncertainties for PACs related to: "Science and technology strategies"; "Knowledge institutions and capacities"; and "Learning capabilities". At the centre of the debate are efficient governance of science and technology and the process of building new capacities and capabilities for distribution, use and acquisition of knowledge by individuals, the industry and the whole society. It is considered the need S&T priorities, knowledge system development and human capital formation in PACs to reflect economic development and societal aspects. The paper tries to outline some future models of the knowledge systems in PACs and to highlight possible negative implications of the present trends in education and research, which might hamper the sustainable economic development, the cohesion and building of knowledge-based society in candidate countries, as well the European integration. The fourth chapter is oriented towards future steps, it outlines the needs for further research related to science and society, as well as sketching some ideas for future development pathways in PACs.

This report can be downloaded from the IPTS website at:

Additional information

Authors: GOUROVA E ET AL (EDITORS), European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Seville (ES)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 20118 EN (2001), pp.95. Euro: Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9843 or +39 033278 9864 Fax: +39 033278 9623 E-mail:
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