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This report brings together the main findings of the three industry studies undertaken to test the impact of BAT on competitiveness. The principal methodology adopted is a case study approach contrasting the economic performance of plants, which have adopted most of the elements of BAT with other 'non BAT' plants in the various industries. Competition from important producers outside the EU has also been considered. The findings of the studies show that plants, which have already adopted BAT and achieve a good environmental performance are viable in the long run. However, in many cases BAT plants have favourable characteristics. We therefore issue a caution that the impact of BAT on industry competitiveness depends on how it is implemented. A number of recommendations are made.

This report can be downloaded from the IPTS website at:

Additional information

Authors: HITCHENS D, Queens University Belfast (GB);FARRELL F, No affiliation provided;LINDBLOM J, No affiliation provided;TRIEBSWETTER U, No affiliation provided
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 20133 EN (2001), pp.120. Euro: Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9843 or +39 033278 9864 Fax: +39 033278 9623 E-mail:
Record Number: 200214617 / Last updated on: 2002-04-19
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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