Progress in applying the three Rs of Russell & Burch to the testing of biological products
The three Rs (reduction, refinement, replacement) concept of Russell and Burch in relation to humane laboratory animal experimentation is introduced, and special aspects concerning the testing of biologicals are outlined. The role of EVCAM in promoting the Three Rs in the European Union, by organising workshops and task forces, supporting conferences, and financing and/or participating in alternative test development, prevalidation and validation, is reviewed. Finally, examples are given of biologicals-related issues which deserve attention or greater focus.
Bibliographic Reference: An oral report given at: International IABs Symposium on Elimination of the Use of Laboratory Animals for Development of Vaccines and Hormones Organised by: International Association for Biologicals Held at: Utrecht, 12-14 November 2001
Record Number: 200214829 / Last updated on: 2002-06-20
Original language: en
Available languages: en