Transport in island divertors: physics, 3D modelling and comparison to first experiments on W7-AS
Basic plasma transport properties in island divertors are compared to those of standard tokamak divertors. A realistic plasma transport modelling of high-density discharges in island divertors has become possible by implementing a self-consistent treatment of impurity transport in the EMC3-EIRENE code. In contrast to standard tokamak divertors, the code predicts no high recycling prior to detachment, with the downstream density never exceeding the upstream density. This is mainly due to momentum losses arising from the cross-field transport associated with the specific island divertor geometry. This momentum loss is effective already at low densities, high temperatures and is responsible for the high upstream densities needed to achieve detachment. Numerical scans of carbon concentration for high-density plasma typically show first a smooth, then a sharp increase of the carbon radiation, the latter being accompanied by a sharp drop of the downstream temperature and density indicating detachment transition. The jumps of the radiation and temperature are due to a thermal instability associated with the form of the impurity cooling rate function and can be reproduced by a simple 1D radial energy model based on cross-field transport and impurity losses. This model is used as a guideline to illustrate and discuss the detachment physics in details, including detachment condition and thermal instability. Major EMC3-EIRENE code predictions have been verified by the first W7-AS divertor experiments. A comparison of calculations and measurements is presented for high-density, high-power W7-AS divertor discharges and the physics related to rollover and detachment is discussed in detail.
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 44, (May 2002), pp.611-625.
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://stacks.iop.org/0741-3335/44/611
Record Number: 200214945 / Last updated on: 2002-07-09
Original language: en
Available languages: en