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Results of stability analysis are presented for two types of plasma with good confinement: internal transport barriers (ITBs) on Tore Supra and the radiative improved (RI) mode on TEXTOR. The stability analysis has been performed with an electrostatic linear gyrokinetic code, evaluating the growth rates of microinstabilities. The code developed, KINEZERO, is aimed at systematic microstability analysis. Therefore the trade-off between having perfect quantitative agreement and minimising computation time is made in favour of the latter. In the plasmas analysed, it is found that the onset of the confinement improvement involves a trigger. For the ITB discharges, negative magnetic shear is involved, whereas for the RI discharges, the triggering role is played by the increase of the impurity concentration. Once the improved confinement is triggered, the simultaneous increases of temperature and density gradients imply an increase in both the growth rate and the rotation shearing rate. The rotation shear is found to be high enough to maintain an improved confinement through the stabilisation of the large scale modes.

Additional information

Authors: BOURDELLE C, Association EURATOM-CEA, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (FR);GARBET X, Association EURATOM-CEA, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (FR);HOANG G T, Association EURATOM-CEA, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (FR);ONGENA J, Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Association Euratom-État belge, Brussels (BE);BUDNY R V, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton (US)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion, 42 (July 2002), pp.892-902
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Record Number: 200215161 / Last updated on: 2002-08-26
Original language: en
Available languages: en