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Abstract

This paper describes the analytical methods (thermal ionisation mass spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and alpha spectrometry) that have been developed for determination of the age of uranium and discusses their advantages and limitations. With regard to potential application of the methods (e.g. Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty), the discussion focuses on highly enriched uranium, because this seems to be of highest strategic relevance. The different analytical methods were tested and validated by use of uranium reference materials of different {235}U isotope abundance and of known ages. The results show that thermal ionisation mass spectrometry and alpha spectrometry are both very accurate and precise techniques for this application. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, on the other hand, although less precise, because of the different approach to the analytical problem, is still sufficiently accurate to be used as a rapid screening method.

Additional information

Authors: WALLENIUS M, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Emements, Karlsruhe (DE);MORGENSTERN A, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Emements, Karlsruhe (DE);APOSTOLIDIS C, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Emements, Karlsruhe (DE);MAYER K, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Emements, Karlsruhe (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2002) 374: 379-384
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-002-1555-9
Record Number: 200215699 / Last updated on: 2002-12-23
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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