Electrostatic turbulence and transport with stochastic magnetic field lines
Electrostatic turbulence, associated convective transport and poloidal plasma rotation at the edge of a tokamak plasma are strongly modified in a layer of stochastic magnetic field lines. Experimental observations during ergodic divertor operation show a decrease of density fluctuations but there is no evidence of a change of the turbulent cross field diffusivity. In this paper, the underlying mechanisms are studied using three-dimensional numerical simulations of flux driven resistive ballooning turbulence. Three key elements are found to determine the characteristics of transport due to fluctuations in the stochastic layer: first, long-lived stationary eddies appear due to modified equilibrium pressure and potential. Second, large scale pressure fluctuations decrease but small scale velocity fluctuations tend to increase. Third, the poloidal plasma rotation is suppressed and zonal flows are reduced by an anomalous friction due to stochasticity. In total, the level of convective flux associated with fluctuations is not quenched by the magnetic field perturbation. The impact of stochastic field lines on electrostatic turbulence is of interest for many experimental situations such as the stochastic boundary of stellarators and transport in the vicinity of the separatrix of standard tokamak divertors.
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 44 (October 2002) pp.2167-2184
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Record Number: 200315723 / Last updated on: 2003-01-10
Original language: en
Available languages: en