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The Tore Supra tokamak is equipped with a multi-megawatt ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) system for heating and current drive. The coupling of the fast wave to the plasma, characterized by the distributed coupling resistance along the radiating straps, is a crucial issue in order to launch large RF powers.

Many factors can have an effect on ICRF wave coupling. Quantitative prediction from theoretical modelling requires the knowledge of the local inhomogeneous plasma density profile in front of the antenna for running sophisticated antenna codes. In this work, we have rather followed a "global" approach, based on Tore Supra experimental results, for the parametric study of the coupling resistance. From a large database covering seven experimental campaigns (~2250 shots), a scaling law of the coupling resistance including the main parameters of the plasma and of the antenna configuration is established. This approach is found to be reliable for the analysis of coupling in the different scenarios: He/D(2) gas filling, gas/pellets for plasma fuelling, plasma leaning on inner wall/low field side limiter, limiter/ergodic divertor configuration, minority heating/direct electron heating.

From one scenario to another, a significant variation of the coefficients of the scaling law is found. The study of these variations allows to get some insight on the main physical mechanisms which influence the ICRF wave coupling in a tokamak operation, such as the wall conditioning and recycling conditions, RF sheaths or frequency.

Additional information

Authors: GONICHE M, EURATOM-CEA Association, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);BRÉMOND S, EURATOM-CEA Association, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);COLAS L, EURATOM-CEA Association, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 43 (February 2003) pp.92-106
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