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For a next-step fusion device the erosion at the vessel walls during normal operation caused by the bombardment with different species from the plasma is estimated. The wall fluxes are calculated for a given 'burning' plasma with the computer code B2-EIRENE. With the known sputtering yields the erosion rates for vessel walls made out of Be, C, Fe, Mo or W, are calculated. The erosion by ions is found to be of the same order of magnitude as the erosion by energetic neutrals. The erosion has minimal around the area of gas feed and maximal close by and at the bottom near the baffles of the divertor. The calculated total erosion is of the order of 10{21} to 10{22} atom/s for low Z materials, and a factor 10-20 lower for high Z materials, such as W, resulting in about 5 kg per full-day of operation or 1 t/y.

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Authors: BEHRISCH R, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, IPP-EURATOM Association, Garching (DE);FEDERICI G, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, Garching (DE);KUKUSHKIN A, ITER Garching Joint Work Site, Garching (DE);REITER D, Institut für Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volumes 313-316, March 2003, Pages 388-392
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