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This report has been prepared in response to the need to illustrate: a) the costs and benefits of the development and use of hazard/effects classification criteria of substances for the terrestrial compartment, b) the feasibility of achieving these benefits; c) the effects of terrestrial classification on downstream regulations.

The report identifies main hot spots and misunderstandings in relation to the underestimation of the terrestrial environment within the current environmental classification system and its environmental implications. This Cost/Benefit Study has been prepared taking into account the EU legislative demands within the New Policy on Chemicals and the reliability and applicability of terrestrial criteria, including the availability of standardised and non-standardised tests on soil and above-soil organisms.

Additional information

Authors: VEGA M, ERA Consult, Fontaines St Martin (FR);VOLLMER G ET AL, European Commission, Joint Research Council, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, European Chemicals Bureau, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 20689 EN (2003), 152pp. Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9843 or +39 033278 9864 Fax: +39 033278 9623 E-mail:
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