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The Drinking Water Directive aims to protect human health by ensuring that drinking water is wholesome and clean. It requires Member States to ensure that regular monitoring of the quality of drinking water is carried out and insists on quality assurance of treatment, equipment and materials used in the preparation or distribution of water. This study aims to generate data on which conclusions can be drawn for the development of a proper sampling procedure:
1.for elements in drinking water reflecting real exposure and study the origin of elements, i.e. raw water or materials used in distribution.

Additional information

Authors: HOEKSTRA E J ET AL, European Commission, Joint Research Council, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Inland and Marine Waters Unit, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 20672 EN (2003), 31pp. Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9843 or +39 033278 9864 Fax: +39 033278 9623 E-mail:
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