Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

In the past, the Commission has launched several studies on dioxin, as well as studies on the fate and transport, environmental levels and human exposure of dioxins. Those studies revealed a harmonised view on dioxin issues across member states, which is apparently lacking for Candidate Countries. DG Environment, assisted by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) has recently launched two studies to fill the gap ("Dioxin Emissions in Candidate Countries" and " Dioxins & PCBs: Environmental levels and human exposure in Candidate Countries"). However these studies will not be completed till 2004.

This report is a first attempt to provide a general overview of the situation of dioxin emissions in Candidate countries as well as policies and measures to reduce them. Comparison with the situation in the EU-15 has been made to understand differences in national circumstances that might require specific measures and instruments to reduce dioxin emissions. Overview is focused on the emissions to the air, since the direct emissions to water and soil have a significantly different source profile, which is not covered by the Emission-PECO activities. Quantification of emissions was beyond the scope of this project. This will be done within the above-mentioned study commissioned by the DG-Environment, which will also take advantage of measurement campaigns. However the uncertainties in emissions will be reduced when more measurements are available which will provide representative coverage of relevant activities and geographical areas so as to highlight differences in technologies, input materials and operational practices.

Additional information

Authors: PARADIZ B, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Emissions and Health Unit, Ispra (IT);DILARA P, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Emissions and Health Unit, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 20779 EN (2003), 62pp. Free of charge EUR-OP reference: LB-NA-20779-EN-C
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9843 or +39 033278 9864 Fax: +39 033278 9623 E-mail: jrc-publications-office@ec.europa.eu
ISBN: ISBN: 92-894-6039-9
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