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A short review of diagnostics and techniques for active power exhaust control is given from the point of view of experiences gained at Tore Supra. The physical and technological aspects are presented with the aim of illustrating strengths, difficulties and potential for future long pulse and steady state fusion devices such as W7X and ITERFEAT. One of the main features of the Tore Supra approach to power exhaust control is the reliance on infrared (IR) thermography to survey nearly 100% of the high flux target zones. This is applied to the largest elements, the toroidal pump limiter and the heating antennae, by a number of IR endoscopes. For high flux target areas inaccessible to direct view, optical fibres in the IR and the near-IR range are used. The large wall panels, which evacuate the rest of the power, are controlled by calorimetry. Bolometry is used to achieve a complete power balance. These measurements can be inserted in control loops acting typically on the injected heating power or the radiation cooling.

Additional information

Authors: REICHLE R ET AL, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion, vol.43 (2003) pp.797-804
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