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Carbon sources in the main chamber of ASDEX Upgrade, especially the 12 guard limiters at the low field side (LFS), were determined spectroscopically using recently installed lines of sight. Absolute photon fluxes were measured for spectral lines in the visible wavelength range referring to all spin systems of C{+1} and C{+2}.

A simple transport model for carbon enabled the simulation of the radial distribution of carbon radiation and the determination of the effective inverse photon efficiency, which was used for the evaluation of ion fluxes. The model also predicts the fraction of eroded particles that are transported out of the plasma before further ionization occurs. Comparison of the calculated losses with measurements showed good agreement in L-mode cases, whereas in H-mode cases the CIII/CII radiation ratio was too high by a factor 1.5. The contribution of each spin system to the ion flux was independently measured. For C{+1} and C{+2} the spin system distribution was found to be close to equilibrium.

The line-of-sight-integrated photon fluxes were spatially separated for many lines of sight by Zeeman-analysis and differential measurements. This allowed us to determine the total influx from the high field side and LFS. Surprisingly, the carbon source at the inner heatshield was larger than the carbon influx from the limiter source at the LFS. This is very pronounced for the H-mode case investigated, where 60�80% of the carbon atoms emerge from the heatshield. This source is due to recycling or re-erosion of carbon, which probably originates from the limiters, because approximately 85% of the heatshield area consisted of tungsten coated tiles.

Additional information

Authors: PUTTERICH T ET AL, Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, IPP-EURATOM Association, Garching (DE);PÜTTERICH T ET AL, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, IPP-EURATOM Association, Garching (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 45 (October 2003) 1873-1892
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Record Number: 200317146 / Last updated on: 2003-12-08
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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