Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

Environmental damage to ancient and modern mortars (EDAMM) is a European Commission funded project in which three European research institutes from Belgium, Spain and Italy have been collaborating. The project has provided a better understanding of the role of environmental pollution on the deterioration of ancient and modern hydraulic mortars (hydraulic lime, pozzolan and cement-based). Recent monuments, monuments built in the 19th and 20th century, were constructed using these types of hydraulic mortars. Increasing numbers of these monuments need restoration all over Europe. Similar hydraulic mortars have been widely used in treatments carried out during last and the present century. Understanding of their durability is essential for planning future conservation treatments on the built heritage. Tests have been carried out on the identification of historic hydraulic mortars, on the evaluation of damage on samples taken from historic buildings and on the laboratory simulations carried out to investigate damage mechanisms. Among pollutants, SO2 is the main component of pollution causing damage to hydraulic mortars. Hydraulic mortars have been identified as the most sensitive building materials because of the formation of primary and secondary damage products, such as ettringite and thaumasite. Although the important implications of these results are for the development of conservation strategies for monuments and historic buildings, they are also of great relevance to the development of sustainable construction methods as the building industry still uses these materials today.

Additional information

Authors: VAN BALEN K, K.U. Leuven, Raymond Lemaire Centre for Conservation, Leuven (BE);TOUMBAKARI E E (EDITORS), K.U. Leuven, Raymond Lemaire Centre for Conservation, Leuven (BE);SABBIANI C, Consiglio nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e dell'Oceano, Bologna (IT);RIONTINO C, Consiglio nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e dell'Oceano, Bologna (IT);ZAPPIA G (EDITORS), Consiglio nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e dell'Oceano, Bologna (IT);BLANCO-VARELA M T, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja, Madrid (ES);AGUILERA J, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja, Madrid (ES);PUERTAS F, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja, Madrid (ES);PALOMO A (EDITORS), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja, Madrid (ES)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 19863 EN (2002). Research Report No 15. 202pp. Euro: 29.50
Availability: EUR-OP reference: KI-NA-19863-EN-C Available from EUR-OP sales agents URL: http://publications.eu/general/en/publications_en.htm
ISBN: ISBN: 92-894-3169-5
Record Number: 200317201 / Last updated on: 2003-12-19
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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