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Over the last two years, several experiments relevant for the study of particle transport and density profile evolution have been performed at JET. They can be classified as stationary discharges with and without central particle source due to the beams, quasi-stationary discharges with deuterium gas puffing, deep pellet fuelled discharges and discharges perturbed by cold pulses obtained by shallow pellet injection. All these experimental scenarios have been simulated by means of the JETTO transport code, employing different transport models: purely empirical models and the semi-empirical mixed Bohm/gyro-Bohm transport model, both with the addition of different theory-based expressions for the anomalous particle pinch and the first principle Weiland transport model. The coefficients used to scale the pinch velocity in the purely empirical and in the mixed Bohm/gyro-Bohm model have been varied from shot to shot. In this paper, the results of the simulations are presented. The main conclusions are that, for the cases studied in this paper, the sawtooth activity is the main particle transport mechanism in the plasma centre (r/a = 0.5). Nevertheless, to reproduce the density profile in the gradient zone (0.5 = r/a = 0.9), an anomalous pinch seems to be necessary, at least for L-mode plasmas. This anomalous convective flux is well reproduced by the off-diagonal elements of the transport matrix given by the Weiland model.

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Authors: GARZOTTI L, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Consorzio RFX, Padova (IT);PARAIL V ET AL, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);SAIBENE G, EFDA Close Support Unit, Garching (DE);GARBET X, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);MANTICA P, Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, EURATOM�ENEA�CNR Association Milano (IT);LANG P, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, IPP-EURATOM Association, Garching (DE);NORDMAN H, Chalmers University of Technology and EURATOM-VR Assocation, Göteborg (SE);STRAND P, Chalmers University of Technology and EURATOM-VR Assocation, Göteborg (SE);WEILAND J, Chalmers University of Technology and EURATOM-VR Assocation, Göteborg (SE)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 43 (December 2003) 1829-1836
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