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The implementation of actively cooled high heat flux plasma facing components (PFCs) are one of the major ingredients required for operating the TORE SUPRA tokamak with very long pulses. A pioneering activity has been developed in this field from the very beginning of the device operation that is today culminating with the routine operation of an actively cooled toroidal pumped limiter (TPL) capable to sustain up to 10MW.m{-2} of nominal convected heat flux. A technical feedback is given from the whole development up to the industrialization and focuses on a number of critical issues, such as bonding technology analysis, manufacture processes, repair processes, destructive and non destructive testing. The actual experience in Tore Supra allows addressing the question of D retention on carbon walls. Redeposition on surfaces without plasma flux is suspected to cause the final �burial� of about the injected gas during long discharges.

Additional information

Authors: GROSMAN A (EDITOR), Departement de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An oral paper given at: 16th Int. Conf. on Plasma Surface Interaction in controlled Fusion Devices Organised by: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Science & Fusion Center, Cambridge (US) Held at: Holiday Inn By The Bay, Portla
Availability: Available from Association EURATOM-CEA, Departement de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee, CEA Cadarache, F-13108 St Paul-Lez-Durance, France Tel: (+33) 4 42 25 70 01; Fax: (+33) 4 42 25 64 21 E-mail:
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