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The effects of RF-induced transport and orbit topology of resonant ions are analysed for high power ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH). These effects are found to play important roles in the details of the high-energy part of the distribution function, and affect the driven current and momentum transfer to the background plasma. The finite drift orbit width broadens the power deposition and leads to losses of high-energy ions intercepted by the wall. RF-induced transport of resonant ions across magnetic flux surfaces appears due to the toroidal acceleration of resonant ions interacting with waves having a finite toroidal mode number. Heating with waves propagating parallel to the current leads to a drift of the turning points of trapped resonant ions towards the midplane. As the turning points meet, the orbits will de-trap, preferentially into co-current passing orbits, which may ultimately be displaced to the low field side of the magnetic axis. Ions with such orbits are a typical feature in plasmas heated with directed toroidal mode spectra of waves propagating parallel to the plasma current. These ions will be subjected to a strong RF diffusion partly caused by the focusing of the wave field and partly by the Doppler shifted cyclotron resonance, as it approaches tangency with the drift orbit. The resonance condition puts a limitation on the achievable energy for these ions, which is more severe than for corresponding trapped ions. This results in a rather flat tail up to a critical energy, above which the tail rapidly decays. Heating with waves propagating anti-parallel with the plasma current curtails the energy of the trapped ions due to a vertical outward drift of the turning points of the trapped ions.

Additional information

Authors: HELLSTEN T, Alfven Laboratory, Association VR-Euratom, Stockholm (SE);JOHNSON T, Alfven Laboratory, Association VR-Euratom, Stockholm (SE);HEDIN J, Alfven Laboratory, Association VR-Euratom, Stockholm (SE);LAXABACK M, Alfven Laboratory, Association VR-Euratom, Stockholm (SE);CARLSSON J, Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, Colorado (US);ERIKSSON L-G, Departement de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);MANTSINEN M, Association EURATOM-TEKES, Helsinki University of Technology (FI)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 44 (2004) 892�908
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Record Number: 200417667 / Last updated on: 2004-07-30
Original language: en
Available languages: en