Development on JET of advanced Tokamak operations for ITER
Recent research on Advanced Tokamak in JET has focused on scenarii with both monotonic and reversed shear q profiles having plasma parameters as relevant as possible for extrapolation to ITER. Wide ITBs, R~3.7m, are formed at ITER relevant triangularity delta~0.45, with ne/nG~60% and ELMs moderated by Ne injection. At higher current (I(p)?3.5MA, delta~0.25) wide ITBs sitting at R? 3.5m (positive shear region) have been developed, generally MHD events terminate these barrier otherwise limited in strength by power availability. ITBs with core density close to Greenwald value are obtained with plasma target preformed by opportune timing of LHCD, pellet injection and small amount of NBI power. ITB start with toroidal rotation 4 times lower than the standard NBI heated ITBs. Full CD is achieved in reversed shear ITBs at 3T/1.8 MA, by using 10MW NBI, 5MW ICRH and 3MW LH. Wide ITBs located at R=3.6m, without impurity accumulation and type-III ELMs edge can be sustained for a time close to neo-classical resistive time. These discharges have been extended to the maximum duration allowed by subsystems (20s) with the JET record of injected energy: E~330 MJ. Integrated control of pressure and current profiles is an essential feature used in these discharges. Central ICRF mode conversion electron heating, added to about 14MW NBI power, produced impressive ITBs with equivalent QDT ~ 0.25. Conversely ion ITBs are obtained with low torque injection, by ICRH 3He minority heating of ions, on pure LHCD electron ITBs. Similarity experiments between JET and AUG have compared the dynamics of ITBs and have been the starting point of Hybrid Scenarios activity, then developed at roh* as low as roh*~3*10-3. The development of hybrid regime with dominant electron heating has also started. Injection of trace of tritium and a mixture of Ar/Ne allowed studying fuel and impurities transport in many of the explored AT scenarios.
Bibliographic Reference: An oral paper given at: 20th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference Organised by: International Atomic Energy Agency Held at: Centrtro de Fusao Nuclear, Vilamoura (PT)
Availability: Available from Association EURATOM-CEA, Departement de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee, CEA Cadarache, F-13108 St Paul-Lez-Durance, France Tel: (+33) 4 42 25 70 01; Fax: (+33) 4 42 25 64 21 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Record Number: 200417811 / Last updated on: 2004-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en