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The RISE agenda has three components:
- Mapping the changing shape of innovation systems in the service economy, and addressing the diversity of national and sectoral arrangements.
- Examining and evaluating the working balance between contributions (including funding) of public and private sector actors in innovation systems.
- Developing strategies for generating and presenting knowledge on innovation systems, as a contribution to the strategic steering of courses of action by actors who wish to change the trajectories of innovation systems.
Semi-public research and technology organisations - so-called RTOs - have been taken as the tactical focus for this exploration of mapping issues for policy purposes. No general description covers all RTOs but a stereotypical definition serves as a basis for discussing the term's many variants and interpretations: RTOs are organisations with significant core government funding (25% or greater) which supply services to firms individually or collectively in support of scientific and technological innovation and which devote much of their capability (50% or more of their labour) to remaining integrated with the science base.

Additional information

Authors: HALES M, CENTRIM, University of Brighton, Brighton (GB)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21038 EN (2004), 99 pp. Free of charge
Availability: EUR-OP reference: KI-NA-21-038-EN-C Available from: Documentation Service of DG Research Fax: +32 2 295 8220 E-mail:
ISBN: ISBN: 92-894-7569-2
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