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Impacts of the increasing automotive Diesel consumption in the EU

Funded under: FP6-SUSTDEV


The European Union (EU) is heavily dependent upon energy imports and in particular - oil imports. The EU is also a large emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG), which contribute to global warming and climate changes. Securing the energy supply in an environmentally friendly way is therefore a prime objective of the EU energy and environmental policies. Transport and in particular - road transport is a main oil consuming and GHG generating sector in the EU. Thus, reducing the energy consumption and GHG emissions from road transport is an important step on the way of reaching these EU policy objectives.
Petrol and diesel, obtained via oil refining, are the main automotive fuels nowadays. Petrol and diesel are however employed in different engine technologies. Due to the difference in engine technologies, diesel cars are more efficient, so - they consume less fuel and emit less GHG per kilometre than petrol cars. Expanding the share of diesel cars, respectively - decreasing the share of petrol cars in total passenger cars� fleet appears as a tool for overall reduction of energy use and GHG emissions in road transport.

Additional information

Authors: KAVALOV B, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy, Petten (NL);PETEVES S D, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy, Petten (NL)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21378 EN (2004), 38 pp. Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9893 Fax: +39 033278 5409 E-mail: or Bruxelles (BE) Tel: +32 2 295 76 24 Fax: +32 2 299 63 22
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