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  • Exposure of an urban adult population to carbon monoxide, direct and indirect exposure assessment methods determinants and sources, final report


By our human physical processes and daily activities, such as breathing, drinking, eating, touching surfaces, and using products, humans are continuously exposed to numerous potential harmful agents. To be able to control levels of pollution and reduce adverse health effects efficiently, health protection policies concerning levels of contamination in the various exposure media need to be developed. It is therefore necessary to assess the levels of population�s exposures.

Additional information

Authors: BRUINEN DE BRUIN Y et al, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21502 EN (2005), 109 pp. Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9893 Fax: +39 033278 5409 E-mail: or Bruxelles (BE) Tel: +32 2 295 76 24 Fax: +32 2 299 63 22
ISBN: ISBN: 92-894-8849-2
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