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Abstract

The Black Sea has been an object of exploration and intensive scientific research for a historically long period of time. Its unique hydrographic structure originates from a combination of restricted exchange with the Mediterranean Sea through Bosporus Straits supplying a source of salty water, and a large fresh water input in the northern shelf part. This determines the strong stratification, which prevents deep convective mixing in the basin interior. As a consequence a permanent anoxic deep layer is formed which makes the Black Sea the largest anoxic water body in the world. Thus the basin is an excellent case study for oceanographers to observe and investigate the manifestation of many physical processes.

Additional information

Authors: STIPS A, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);PENEVA E, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21504 EN (2005), 91 pp. Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9893 Fax: +39 033278 5409 E-mail: jrc-publications-office@ec.europa.eu or Bruxelles (BE) Tel: +32 2 295 76 24 Fax: +32 2 299 63 22
Record Number: 200517916 / Last updated on: 2005-02-22
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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