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Abstract

Efficient coupling of lower hybrid (LH) waves in conditions close to those foreseen in ITER has been obtained in advanced scenario plasmas in the JET tokamak. Up to 3MW of lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) power has been coupled at a distance between the separatrix and the launcher of 11 cm, in the presence of edge localized mode activity. The key to the improved LH wave coupling is local control of the Scrape-Off-Layer (SOL) density through gas injection in the region magnetically connected to the launcher. This increases the electron density in front of the launcher so as to improve the coupling of the LH waves, i.e. reduce the reflected power in the launcher. The average power reflection coefficient was 5.7% with gas injection, at 11 cm distance between the separatrix and the launcher. A change in the gas injection design has made the gas puffing more efficient, making the use of D(2) injection possible as an alternative to CD(4). At similar injected electrons/s rates, D(2) gives higher electron density in the SOL than CD(4), resulting in better LH coupling with D(2). The possibility of using D(2) instead of the earlier used CD(4) is an encouraging result in view of ITER operation, as CD(4) may not be compatible in ITER due to the problem of tritium retention in deposited carbon layers.

Additional information

Authors: MAILLOUX J, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);BARANOV Y, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);ERENTS S K, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);LOMAS P J, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);MCDONALD D C, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);STAMP M, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);LOARTE A, EURATOM-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (GB);PETRZILKA V, EFDA Close Support Unit, Garching (DE);SILVA C, Association EURATOM-TEKES, Helsinki University of Technology (FI);EKEDAHL A, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);JOFFRIN E, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);LITAUDON X, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);RIMINI F G, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);GRANUCCI G, Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, EURATOM�ENEA�CNR Association Milano (IT);RANTAMÄKI K, Association Euratom-IPP.CR, Praha (CZ);TUCCILLO A A, Associacao EURATOM-IST, Centro de Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon (PT)
Bibliographic Reference: An article published in: Nuclear Fusion 45 (2005) 351�359
Availability: This article can be accessed online by subscribers, and can be ordered online by non-subscribers, at: stacks.iop.org/NF/45/351
Record Number: 200518107 / Last updated on: 2005-05-20
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en