Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


A train travelling with magnetic levitation below its rails, storage problem for electricity. These problems have all been solved thanks to huge magnetic coils, electrotechnical equipment and electrical transport cables that do not lose energy, magnetic fields for exploring the human body and we provide images that are more and more exact: supraconductivity has continuously helped us to realise our dreams since it was discovered in 1911.
Because of these perspectives, the city of Naples decided to organise a large conference in September 2003 in its Science City on the topic �Supraconductivity and Society� in relationship with the European Conference on Applied Conductivity , held in Sorrente.
Unfortunately, supraconductivity only manifests its effects at very low temperature. Of course, researchers are always dreaming of supraconductivity at ambient temperature.
These dreams have not come true, but a lot of progress has been made with supraconductivity in the 20th century. Imagery bobbins in our hospitals provide silent and clear proof of such advances. This even more since most people forget that they function at - 269 Celsius (4.2 Kelvin) with the help of supraconductor bobbins.
These advances have not been linear and closely linked to progress in other disciples and the use of technical applications. In his book (Les Somnambules), A. Koesler tells show astronomers in the 16th century came up with a modern description of the Celeste mechanics after a lot of errors. Researchers in the 20th century discovered modern supraconductor conductors a little like the Koesler clairvoyants. These conductors only appeared some fifty years after supraconductivity was discovered and a lot has had to be done and a lot will need to be done to gain acceptance for type II supraconductors as positive developments for the future.

Additional information

Authors: KIRCHER F, CEA/DSM/DAPNIA CEA-Saclay, Gif/ Yvette (FR);DEVRED A, CEA/DSM/DAPNIA CEA-Saclay, Gif/ Yvette (FR);XMEURIS A, CEA/DSM/DAPNIA CEA-Saclay, Gif/ Yvette (FR);SCHILD T, CEA/DSM/DAPNIA CEA-Saclay, Gif/ Yvette (FR);ROUSSET B, CEA/DSM/DRFMC CEA-Grenoble, Grenoble (FR);DUCHATEAU J L, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: An oral paper given at: Colloque à la Croisée des Sciences. Pratiquer et comprendre l'interdisciplinarité Organised by: Aix-Croisées-Scientifiques Held at: Aix-en-Provence (MMSH)
Availability: Available from Association EURATOM-CEA, Departement de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee, CEA Cadarache, F-13108 St Paul-Lez-Durance, France Tel: (+33) 4 42 25 70 01; Fax: (+33) 4 42 25 64 21 E-mail:
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