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The aim of the project was to introduce the endless lining system of ladles with monolithic castables, which is state of the art in mass steel production, to special steel. Its application is much more difficult for the production of special steel because of higher treatment temperatures, more intensive ladle metallurgical work, more aggressive slags and longer treatment times which give higher stresses to the refractory material.
In Special steel production the commonly used castables had no sufficient corrosion resistance and showed a too high wear. Therefore, first it was necessary to develop castables with better corrosion resistance.

Additional information

Authors: BUHL H, Breitenfeld Edelstahl AG, Mitterdorf (AT);LUEGGER H, Breitenfeld Edelstahl AG, Mitterdorf (AT);KORTAN G, Breitenfeld Edelstahl AG, Mitterdorf (AT);GUERRERO M, Acerinox, Los Barrios (ES);BAENA J M, Acerinox, Los Barrios (ES);FERRER J, Acerinox, Los Barrios (ES);YLITALO M, Outokumpu Stainless Oy, Tornio (FI);YLI-NIEMI J, Outokumpu Stainless Oy, Tornio (FI);HARMSEN L, Benteler Steel/ Tube, Lingen (DE);ERNSTBERGER B, Benteler Steel/ Tube, Lingen (DE);BURMAN C, Benteler Steel/ Tube, Lingen (DE);BAUER W, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg (DE);FRANKE R, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg (DE);OBERSCHELP P, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg (DE);ALAMÄKI P, Outokumpu Stainless Oy, Tornio (FI)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21634 EN (2005), 116 pp. Euro: 25
Availability: EUR-OP reference: KI-NA-21634-EN-S Available from EUR-OP sales agents URL:
ISBN: ISBN: 92-894-9633-9
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