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Abstract

Particulate matter is one of today�s most challenging environmental problems in urban environments. A number of studies have pointed to adverse health effects of particulate matter with a diameter below 10mu metre (PM10). Limit values for PM mass concentrations in ambient air expressed as PM10 is frequently exceeded in major cities and WHO has worked out that in Europe more than 100.000 people suffer premature death every year from effects of air pollution with PM10 being of major importance. A recent major public health impact study of PM10 in 19 European cities on a population of 32 million inhabitants has estimated that reducing long term exposure to PM10 concentration by only 5mu gram/m{3} in these cities may prevent between 3300 and 7700 early deaths annually. What�s more, a recent major epidemiological study in 23 North-American metropolitan areas has demonstrated that PM10 pollution even plays a role in post neonatal; infant mortality such as the sudden death syndrome and respiratory diseases.

Additional information

Authors: MARTINI G, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);ASTORGA C, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);FARFALETTI A, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);REY M, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);MANFREDI U, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);MUELLER A, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);KRASENBRINK A, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);LARSEN B R, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT);DE SANTI G, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 21380 EN/2 (2005), 69pp. Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9893 Fax: +39 033278 5409 E-mail: jrc-publications-office@ec.europa.eu or Bruxelles (BE) Tel: +32 2 295 76 24 Fax: +32 2 299 63 22
ISBN: ISBN 92-894-9744-0
Record Number: 200518248 / Last updated on: 2005-07-15
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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